History of the modern Olympics

 

 

Team Grenada- 1984 Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles

 

 

    • Ancient Olympic Games were held in Olympia, Greece
    • Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee in 1894, which became the governing body of the Olympic movement
    • World wars led to cancellation of the 1916, 1940 and 1944 Olympic Games
    • The first Winter Olympic Games were held in 1924 in France
    • The Olympic Flag is very symbolic to the games. The 5 rings represent the five continents- America, Africa, Asia, Australasia and Europe.
      The colours of rings are symbolic to every nation having at least one of these colours in their flag.

 

    • Olympic Motto- Citius, Fortius, Altus- Faster, Higher, Stronger
    • The Olympic Creed- The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not to win but to take part, just as the most important thing in life is not the triumph but the struggle.

 

      The essential thing is not to have conquered but to have fought well.
    • The Olympic Creed was developed by Pierre de Coubertin
    • There are currently 205 National Olympic Committees.


    • Torch Relay- months before games begin, The Olympic Torch in lit in Greece and travels across countries making it’s way to the host country.

 

      This allows the Olympic spirit to travel across boarders, oceans and cultures.

 

    • Both an Opening and Closing ceremony occurs at the games
    • Medals are presented for each sporting event- gold (1st place), silver (2nd place) and bronze (third place)
    • Host cities are chosen by the IOC 7 years in advance to begin preparation for the upcoming games
    • 3 Values of Olympism


Excellence

      - In the Olympic ideal, this value refers to giving one’s best, on the field of play or in life without over-emphasizing comparative performance yet still being determined to reach one’s personal objectives.

 

      It is not only about winning, but also participating, making progress against personal goals, striving to be and to do our best in our daily lives and benefiting from the healthy combination of a strong body, mind and will.

Friendship

      - Men and women are at the centre of the Olympic Movement, which encourages links and mutual understanding between people.

 

      This value refers to building a peaceful and better world through solidarity, team spirit, joy and optimism in sport.

 

      The Olympic Games inspire people to overcome political, economic, gender, racial or religious differences and forge friendships in spite of those differences.

 

      For athletes, this means forming life-long bonds with their team-mates, as well as their opponents.

Respect

      This value represents a principle which should inspire all those who take part in Olympic programmes.

 

      Respect for oneself and one’s body, respect for one another, for the rules as well as for the environment.

 

    It refers to the fair-play attitude that athletes should have and to their commitment to avoid doping.